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Background

The BLUEMED initiative offers a shared strategic framework for working towards a healthy, productive and resilient Mediterranean Sea that is better known and valued. It is designed to tap the full potential of the marine and maritime sectors, structuring transnational cooperation to create new ‘blue’ jobs and to promote and improve social wellbeing, sustainable prosperity and the environmental status of the region and its surroundings.

BLUEMED is the result of joint efforts by Cyprus, Croatia, France, Greece, Italy, Malta, Portugal, Slovenia and Spain, with the support of the European Commission. 

Among the seas of Europe, the Mediterranean has no match as regards biodiversity and the links between human activities and  environmental characteristics. It is changing fast in response to both natural and anthropogenic pressures. 

Climate change, growing maritime traffic and pollution, overexploitation of fish stocks and invasions of alien species are among the stressors placing the region at risk. At the same time, the Mediterranean’s unique features provide major local opportunities for blue growth and jobs, ranging from fisheries to tourism. 

The region’s geopolitical complexity may represent a constraint on implementing framework conditions favourable to blue economic growth. Joint efforts are required to successfully address present and future challenges. A global perspective, along with more vigorous transnational and international cooperation, is essential to implement effectively and efficiently tailored actions that are conducive to safe, secure and sustainable development for all.

Why BlueMed?


  • 30% of global sea-borne trade by volume

  • 450 ports and terminals

  • A quarter of worldwide sea-borne oil traffic

  • World’s second-largest market for cruise ships

  • A coastal population of 150 million that more than doubles during the tourist season

  • 400 UNESCO sites

  • 236 Marine Protected Areas

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